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CLAT English Tips: Vocabulary

CLAT English Tips

Vocabulary: How to go About it?

Vocabulary is an essential study if you have to appear in any competitive examination. Students find learning words quite difficult, so ways have to be found that are both interesting and aid learning.

It is also worthwhile to remember that not only the words but also the usage is very important.

These days in CLAT, mere meanings are not asked. Instead, for each word, four sentences will be given and the student will be asked to tick the one in which the usage is inappropriate. Only if you are aware of the usage will you be able to spot out the wrong usage.

This section describes how to remember words and also how to use them.

Everyone has his own way of learning vocabulary. For some people random word lists will seem to be the most appropriate, usually with a translation into the mother tongue. Others will favour some kind of organisation, perhaps organizing their vocabulary through topic, word category or word frequency.

Some learners will find it effective to use vocabulary exercise in order to acquire new vocabulary, while others will use vocabulary cards and regularly test themselves to check whether new items have been learnt.

All of these methods are effective in their own right and will suit different individuals in different ways. It is also useful to know the relationships between words themselves.

Exploiting such relationship can be a very effective additional method of organising and storing items of vocabulary and may help learners to learn and remember new items.

Examples of such relationships are:

Hyponymy: Chair, bench, armchair, bar-stool, pew, rocking-chair and deck- chair are all types of seat. Thus, they are related to each other as examples of a type and have a one-way relationship with the head-word, seat (a chair is a seat, a bench is a seat and so on, whereas a seat is not necessarily a chair).

Similarly, car, bus, van, tram, lorry, motor-cycle and taxi are all types of vehicle. Learners may find it productive to store items of vocabulary under head words like these in the form of simple diagrams.

Antonym: Associating words through their opposites appears to be quite a powerful relationship.

When asked what word they associate with ‘hot’, many people will immediately answer ‘cold’, rather than, say, ‘desert’, ‘sun’ or ‘weather’. Learners may find it useful to store words with words that convey an opposing concept.

Clines: Many adjectives, though close in meaning, are not synonyms but are related through degree, with their meaning expressing a greater or lesser degree of a particular concept. Once again, learners may find it helpful to store words in this way.

CLAT English Tips: How to Learn Words?

To learn words and many other CLAT English Tips that the we teach through our CLAT Coaching Material, click here.

Our comprehensive study material for CLAT includes 5 books of English.

To buy our study material, click here.

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