MP Civil Judge Exam Pattern 2024 (Judiciary Exam Format)

mp civil judge exam pattern

Understanding the MP Judiciary Exam Pattern is crucial for every aspirant aiming to become a civil judge in Madhya Pradesh. Here, you will find the details of MP Civil Judge Exam pattern 2024, providing you with a comprehensive overview to strategize your preparation effectively. 

From the preliminary rounds to the mains and the final interview, knowing what to expect at each stage of the exam can significantly boost your confidence and readiness. Whether you are a first-time candidate or looking to improve your previous scores, this guide will equip you with essential insights into the MPCJ Exam Pattern.

MP Judiciary Exam 2024: Overview

The Madhya Pradesh Civil Judge Exam (MPCJ), conducted by the Madhya Pradesh High Court, is a crucial gateway for law graduates aspiring to enter the judicial services of the state. 

The exam is structured in three distinct stages to assess the aptitude, knowledge, and suitability of candidates for the role of a civil judge.

1. Preliminary Examination

The preliminary stage of the MPCJ is a screening test consisting of objective-type questions. This exam typically covers various law subjects including the Indian Penal Code, Civil Procedure Code, Criminal Procedure Code, and the Indian Constitution, among others. 

It also tests general knowledge, computer knowledge, and English language proficiency. The primary aim is to filter candidates for the more intensive mains examination.

2. Mains Examination

The mains exam is descriptive in nature and is designed to test the candidates’ in-depth knowledge of law and their ability to articulate and argue legal points clearly and logically. 

3. Interview

Candidates who successfully pass the mains examination are called for the final stage, which is the interview or viva-voce. The interview panel typically consists of judges and experienced legal professionals. 

The interview assesses the candidates’ personality, temperament, legal acumen, and suitability for a career in the judiciary. Questions may range from legal issues to current affairs and general interest topics to test the candidates’ overall awareness and perspective.

Final Selection

The final selection of candidates is based on the combined scores of the mains examination and the interview, with the preliminary exam serving primarily as a qualifying stage. The entire process is designed to ensure that only the most capable and dedicated candidates make it through to join the judiciary.

MP Civil Judge Exam Pattern (Prelims)

The first stage of the MP Judiciary recruitment process is the Preliminary Examination. This phase acts as a screening test to select candidates for the Main Examination. Here’s the details you need to know about this stage of examination:

Exam NameMP Judiciary Prelims Exam
Types of QuestionsMultiple-Choice Questions
Total Number of Questions150
Total Marks150
Total Marks400
Marking SchemeEach Paper Carries 1 Marks
Negative MarkingNo
Time Duration2 Hour

Objective Format

The Preliminary Examination is conducted in an objective format, comprising 150 multiple-choice questions (MCQs).

Subjects Covered

The exam typically covers subjects such as Law, General Knowledge, and English Language.

Marking Scheme

Aspirants will be awarded one mark for each correct answer, and there is no negative marking for incorrect answers.


Candidates are given a specific time limit of 2 hours to complete the exam.

The topic-wise weightage of topics MP Judiciary are as follows:

TopicWeightage (Number of Questions)
IT Act4
English Knowledge10
General Knowledge10
Constitution of India5
Contract Act of 18728
Limitation Act of 19634
Computer Knowledge10
Indian Penal Code 186115
Specific Relief Act of 19636
Indian Evidence Act of 187215
Transfer of Property Act 18827
Code of Civil Procedure 190820
MP Land Revenue Act of 19595
Negotiable Instrument Act 18815
Code of Criminal Procedure 197315
MP Accommodation Control Act of 19615
Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 20003

The Preliminary exam pattern for the MP Judiciary aims to assess candidates’ basic understanding of legal concepts, general awareness, and language proficiency.

MP Civil Judge Exam Pattern (Mains)

After successfully clearing the MP Judicial exam pattern of Pre exam, candidates qualify for the Main Examination. The second stage is more comprehensive and detailed. Let’s delve into the specifics:

  • The Main Exam is a written test comprising subjects like Civil Law, Criminal Law, and English.
  • It tests candidates on their knowledge of substantive and procedural laws.
  • The Main Exam is crucial for shortlisting candidates for the final interview round.
Exam NameMP Judiciary Mains Exam
Type of QuestionsDescriptive
Number of Papers4
Total Marks400
Marking SchemeEach Paper Carries 100 Marks
Time Duration3 Hours for Each Paper

The following are the details of the four papers for the Main examination:

1Constitution, Civil Law, and Procedure
2Article Writing, Summarization and Translation
3Local Law, Criminal Law, and Procedure
4Judgment Writing

Subjective Format

Unlike the Preliminary Examination, the Main Examination is conducted in a subjective format. This stage requires candidates to write descriptive answers.

Detailed Coverage

The Main Examination covers a wide range of legal subjects, including Civil Law, Criminal Law, and Constitutional Law, among others.

Essay Writing

Candidates may also be required to write essays on specific legal topics to demonstrate their analytical and writing skills.

Case Analysis

The Main Examination often includes questions that test candidates’ ability to analyze legal cases and apply legal principles.


For the Main examination, candidates are allotted 3 hours for each paper. This stage aims to evaluate candidates’ in-depth understanding of legal concepts, their ability to analyze legal issues, and proficiency in expressing their thoughts coherently.

MPCJ Exam Pattern (Personal Interview)

The MP civil judge exam pattern includes a Personal Interview after qualifying for the Main Examination. This one serves as the final stage of the selection process for the MP civil judge exam. Here’s what you need to know about the Vice-Voca/Personal Interview:

Assessment of Personality

The Personal Interview is conducted to assess candidates’ personality traits, communication skills, and suitability for judicial roles.

Panel Interview

Candidates face a panel of interviewers who ask questions related to their educational background, work experience, and understanding of legal principles.

Evaluation Criteria

Interviewers evaluate candidates based on their clarity of thought, articulation, confidence, and overall demeanor during the interview.

Final Selection

The Personal Interview plays a crucial role in determining the final selection of candidates for judicial positions. It is the final stage of the selection process before candidates are appointed as judges.

Syllabus for MP Judiciary Exam

A thorough understanding of the MPCJ exam pattern and syllabus is essential for targeted preparation.

Preliminary Exam Syllabus

The Preliminary Exam syllabus includes topics like the Indian Constitution, Code of Civil Procedure, Code of Criminal Procedure, and General Knowledge. Below is the detailed syllabus of the Prelims examination:

  • English
  • Computer Science
  • Limitation Act, 1963
  • General Knowledge
  • Indian Penal Code, 1860
  • MP Accommodation Act
  • Indian Contract Act, 1872
  • Negotiable Instrument Act
  • Specific Relief Act of 1963
  • Indian Evidence Act, 1872
  • Transfer of Property Act, 1882
  • MP Land Revenue Act of 1959
  • Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
  • Information Technology Act 2000
  • Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
  • Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses Act 2012
  • The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015

Candidates should focus on fundamental legal concepts and current affairs for this stage.

Main Exam Syllabus

The Main Exam syllabus covers detailed aspects of Civil Law, Criminal Law, and the English language. Check out the detailed syllabus of the Mains exam:

Paper 1 – Constitution, Civil Law, and Procedure

  • Limitation Act 1963
  • Constitution of India
  • Specific Relief Act 1963
  • Indian Contract Act, 1872
  • Transfer of Property Act 1882
  • Code of Civil Procedure 1908

​​​​Paper 2 – Article Writing and Summarization

  • Section Name Marks
  • Writing on Legal Issues
  • Writing on Social Issues
  • Summary Writing (Legal)
  • Translation (Hindi to English)
  • Translation (English to Hindi)

Paper 3 – Local Law, Criminal Law, and Procedure

  • Indian Penal Code, 1860
  • Indian Evidence Act, 1872
  • MP Land Revenue Code, 1959
  • Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
  • MP Accommodation Control Act, 1961
  • Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 (Chapters 13 to 17)

​​​​​​Paper 4 – Judgment Writing

  • Framing of Issues
  • Framing of Charges
  • Section Name Marks
  • Judgment/Order (Civil) Writing
  • Judgment/Order (Criminal) Writing

In-depth knowledge of substantive and procedural laws is crucial for excelling in this stage.

Interview Preparation

  • Interview preparation involves honing your communication skills, legal knowledge, and overall personality.
  • Practice mock interviews, stay updated on current legal issues, and work on presenting yourself confidently.

Summing Up

Understanding the MP Judiciary exam format is the first step toward your success in this prestigious examination. Familiarize yourself with the various stages, exam structure, subjects, marking scheme, and evaluation criteria outlined in this guide. Knowing about these, you can approach the exam with confidence and clarity. Remember to adopt a strategic study plan, practice diligently, and stay focused on your goal of becoming a part of the esteemed judiciary in Madhya Pradesh. Best of luck with your preparations!


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